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Platinum Deutsch

Platin (Deutschland: [ˈplaːtiːn], Österreich: [ plaˈtiːn]) ist ein chemisches Element mit dem Elementsymbol Pt und der Ordnungszahl Es besitzt eine. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "platinum alloy" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung im Kontext von „platinum“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context​: platinum group, platinum plus, platinum catalyst, gold and platinum, platinum.

Übersetzung für "platinum" im Deutsch

Platin (Deutschland: [ˈplaːtiːn], Österreich: [ plaˈtiːn]) ist ein chemisches Element mit dem Elementsymbol Pt und der Ordnungszahl Es besitzt eine. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Platinum Edition" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung für 'platinum' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.

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Platinum is a chemical element with the symbol Pt and atomic number It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition quevivienda.com name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver".. Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of quevivienda.com has six naturally occurring isotopes. Pokemon - Platinum Version rom for Nintendo DS (NDS) und spielen Pokemon - Platinum Version auf Ihren Geräten Windows PC, mac,ios and android! Bestellen Sie hier direkt beim Hersteller. PLATINUM Trockenfutter, Nassfutter oder Pflegeartikel versandkostenfrei liefern lassen!
Platinum Deutsch We may need to review our prices if the cost of delivering the Products to you or if the cost of any resources or materials used by us changes, and such change is beyond our reasonable control. This may include lists of distributors, genealogical reports, business reports, financial information, manufacturer or supplier information, product information, commission or sales reports or other information, which Platinum designates as confidential. You will not be charged for items until they are ready to be Poker Hand Rank. Archeologists usually associate Casino Accommodation Brisbane tradition of platinum-working in South America with the La Tolita Culture circa BC - ADbut precise dates and location is difficult, as most platinum artifacts from the area were bought secondhand through the antiquities trade rather than obtained by direct archeological excavation. The distributor loses their independent distributor position at Platinum and the independent distributors in their downline shift Platinum Deutsch to the next active independent Platinum distributor. For this status to remain active the Platinum Deutsch must make at least one purchase every 12 months. Discovery of the Elements 7th ed. Potassium hexachloroplatinate is similarly insoluble, and hexachloroplatinic acid has been used in the determination of potassium ions by gravimetry. Platinum is not responsible for having that information readily available. Should you already have received goods, but have not been Mensch Г¤rgere Dich Nicht Regel to return them wholly or partly or only in deteriorated condition, you must compensate us for the value. Chemistry Foundations and Applications. Inhe was sent Hard Rock Casino superintend mercury mining operations in Huancavelica. Deine Stadt ist dein Heiligtum und dein Markenzeichen, du musst dich also darum kümmern und sicherstellen, dass sie niemals in feindliche Hände fällt. Klicke hier und finde alle Antworten, die du benötigst, um dieses coole neue MMO-spiel zu beginnen! Zirkoniumoxid hergestellt. Fügen Sie platinum zu einer der folgenden Listen hinzu oder erstellen Sie eine neue. Bearbeitungszeit: ms. Beispiele, die Platinoxid Csgo Bomb Gambling, ansehen 26 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. The "JOIN" Option is best for:The "JOIN" option is the best option if you want to start your own business promoting real quevivienda.com €50 Gift Card will be applied to your Starter Kit, so it will only cost €25 and you can save % on your first purchase and all future Platinum purchases. Download Nero Platinum Suite for Windows to manage your everyday digital life, at home and on the road; edit, burn, stream video, photos, music. Nero Platinum Suite has had 1 update. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'platinum' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer. The download includes a "SpeedUpPatch" which can be applied to Renegade Platinum which adds a few things to speed up the normally sluggish gameplay in Platinum. It does three things: all text will appear instantly, HP and EXP bars will no longer animate between positions and the 30 FPS cap of the game has been removed, allowing it to run up to a maximum of 60 FPS depending on the hardware capability. Pokémon Platinum is a wonderful old school Pokémon experience and it is easy to see why at the time it was released it was referred to as the best Pokémon game. The story is great and I love the three starter Pokémon that this game has. If you want to play an old style Pokémon game, Pokémon Platinum is well and truly one of the best. 8/

All refunds are handled at the discretion of Platinum Healths' management. Please note that standard refunds will not include any shipping fees incurred by the customer.

In the event of a Company error or the receipt of damaged goods, please call Customer Service for more information. All orders ship during regular business hours.

When choosing your shipping method please be advised of the following:. General You may not assign otherwise or transfer any of your rights or benefits under these Terms.

A copy of an electronic communication made by reliable means is considered to have the same validity as the original electronic communication.

If you breach these Terms and we ignore this, we will still be entitled to use our rights and remedies at a later date or in any other situation where you breach the Terms.

If any part of these Terms is found to be invalid by any court with competent jurisdiction the invalidity of that provision shall not affect the other provisions of these Terms which shall remain in full force and effect.

No waiver or any provision of these Terms shall be effective unless it is made in writing. Neither party will be considered liable for any delay or failure to perform its obligations under these Terms to the extent that such delay or failure is due to any cause or circumstance beyond that party's reasonable control and that failure or delay could not have been prevented or overcome by that party acting reasonably and prudently.

These terms shall be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the law of the Netherlands and the parties submit to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts in the Netherlands in relation to any disputes arising out of or in connection with these Terms.

Ethical Principles Independent Platinum Europe distributors are obliged to always conduct their business in ethical, moral and professional terms.

Platinum Europe requires all independent distributors in their organisation to comply with the letter and spirit of these principles in their business activities.

Responsibilities and Rights of the Independent Platinum Distributor The task of independent Platinum distributors is to sell Platinum products and services.

They can also make use of the bonus plan and sponsor new independent Platinum distributors in all those countries in which the company is present.

They are obliged in their contractual activities to comply with the provisions of the Platinum sales and marketing system as well as the instructions of the company, Platinum Europe, which serve the effectiveness and integrity of this system as well as the smooth and effective process of cooperation under the system.

Independent Platinum distributors are not entitled to tie the company to any obligation. Compliance with the Law Every independent Platinum distributor must conduct their business in accordance with the laws, ordinances and other provisions of the country in which they are registered.

They alone are responsible for complying with all the legal provisions applicable to them and their business.

For this status to remain active the distributor must make at least one purchase every 12 months. If they do not order any products from Platinum for 12 months, their distributor status becomes inactive.

The distributor loses their independent distributor position at Platinum and the independent distributors in their downline shift up to the next active independent Platinum distributor.

This rule does not apply to organisations that are non-profit generators. If the distributor loses their active distributor status, they must purchase a new starter kit and submit a new distributor application in order to become an independent Platinum distributor again.

Sales Activities An independent Platinum advisor who wishes to sell a sales aid or service to another independent Platinum distributor, which is not sourced from Platinum but which supports the Platinum product or business opportunity, must first obtain written permission from Platinum.

An independent Platinum distributor who personally sells literature, sales aids or services that relate to Platinum but are not derived from Platinum, may not induce or try to induce other Platinum distributors they have not sponsored personally, to buy or sell such literature, sales aids or services.

Independent Platinum distributors may sell products and services that are not derived from Platinum if they so wish. However, they may not exploit their knowledge of or connection with other independent Platinum distributors who they have not sponsored personally to promote or expand this other business.

The recruitment of distributors not personally sponsored is strictly prohibited. Only One 1 Distributor Position Individual independent distributors may only hold one Platinum distributor position.

Married Couples Spouses are regarded as contractors but they may also hold two distributor positions, if one spouse is sponsoring the other.

If two independent distributors operate their Platinum business independently of each other and decide to get married, they have the following options:.

Dissolution of a Marriage or Partnership If a couple who are jointly running a Platinum business divorces or separates, the Platinum bonuses will continue to be paid as prior to the divorce or separation, until Platinum receives a court judgement or a written notification, which both partners have signed and which establishes who retains the organisation and how future bonuses are to be paid.

The subsequent independent Platinum distributor must submit a distributor application and meet all the obligations.

Product Return in the Event of Termination by the Distributor An independent distributor may terminate the Platinum distributor agreement at any time without giving reasons by notifying the company in writing.

If the independent distributor has purchased products to place in storage while their distributor contract was still valid, they may return products they have purchased within the last 12 months that are in unblemished condition and re-sellable.

This buyback rule applies only to Platinum products currently on sale, which the independent distributor has purchased from Platinum.

Independent distributors who have obtained any materials from someone other than Platinum should understand that the supplier of such materials may have to comply with a buyback agreement, and not Platinum.

Independent Platinum distributors who decide to invest in products that are not sourced from Platinum are advised to include a buyback agreement at the time of purchase of these products.

Platinum is not able to mediate in obtaining such a reimbursement. Independent distributors who cancel their distributor agreement must wait six months before they can become distributors again.

Confidential Information It may be the case that Platinum discloses confidential information and data to the distributor during the course of their distributor contract.

This may include lists of distributors, genealogical reports, business reports, financial information, manufacturer or supplier information, product information, commission or sales reports or other information, which Platinum designates as confidential.

The distributor confirms by signing this agreement that this information is confidential and is disclosed to them by Platinum as strictly confidential.

The distributor shall treat this information as strictly confidential and not notify, sell or forward it either directly or indirectly to third parties to use nor will they use this information to engage directly or indirectly in competition with Platinum.

Upon expiry, non-renewal or termination of the distributor agreement, the distributor shall return all confidential information to Platinum without delay.

This confidentiality agreement remains in force even after the end of the contractual relationship. Price Changes Platinum reserves the right to change the prices of its products and sales aids by giving reasonable notice.

Should the distributor be made liable under private or public law for a violation of the provisions of the law against unfair competition or provisions under public law such as laws in relation to food, pharmaceuticals and advertising of medicinal products , where the reason for it lies either in properties of the products or in marketing methods specified by the company, the above paragraph applies correspondingly.

In addition, the company shall compensate the distributor for any judicial or administrative penalties imposed on them due to a breach of such regulations.

If the distributor objects to these changes, they have one month from receipt of the notification to object.

Objections must be sent to Platinum in writing by registered letter. In the event that no agreement is reached, the company and the distributor shall terminate their contractual cooperation at the earliest possible termination date.

Only in cases of special urgency will there be a notice period of less than two weeks. You may cancel in writing e.

Please send to: Platinum Health Europe B. Consequences of Withdrawal In the event of cancellation, the benefits received by both parties are to be returned.

Should you already have received goods, but have not been able to return them wholly or partly or only in deteriorated condition, you must compensate us for the value.

This does not apply if the deterioration is due solely to inspecting the goods. You can avoid having to pay compensation if you do not use the items and refrain from doing anything that would adversely affect their value.

All items should be returned at your expense and risk. End of the Cancellation Instructions The cancellation instructions can be handed out on an order form or a receipt or as a separate document.

The customer in question then receives another product in exchange or the full purchase price less shipping costs. Platinum Europe shall compensate the distributor for the returned product as long as customer service receives the following from the distributor within 15 days:.

If a distributor fails to comply with such a request for a refund of the purchase price, they should expect their distributor agreement to be terminated.

Deine Stadt ist dein Heiligtum und dein Markenzeichen, du musst dich also darum kümmern und sicherstellen, dass sie niemals in feindliche Hände fällt.

Errichte unüberwindbare Verteidigungsstellungen, rekrutiere eine mächtige Armee und sammle auf Raubzügen oder durch gute Führung Ressourcen.

Mit dem Segen von Odin und deinem Klanrat an der Seite bestehst du jeden Konflikt und bleibst immer siegreich. Aber selbst der tapferste Jarl kann nicht alleine den ganzen Norden erobern.

Vikings: War of Clans ermuntert die Spieler dazu, zusammenzuarbeiten und Klans zu bilden. In einem Klan können sie dann gemeinsam angreifen, besser verteidigen und sogar den Ort der Macht halten.

As a soft acid , platinum has a great affinity for sulfur, such as on dimethyl sulfoxide DMSO ; numerous DMSO complexes have been reported and care should be taken in the choice of reaction solvent.

In , Gerhard Ertl won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for determining the detailed molecular mechanisms of the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide over platinum catalytic converter.

The most abundant of these is Pt, comprising Of the naturally occurring isotopes, only Pt is unstable, though it decays with a half-life of 6. Platinum also has 34 synthetic isotopes ranging in atomic mass from to , making the total number of known isotopes Most platinum isotopes decay by some combination of beta decay and alpha decay.

Platinum is an extremely rare metal, [20] occurring at a concentration of only 0. Platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum and as alloy with the other platinum-group metals and iron mostly.

Most often the native platinum is found in secondary deposits in alluvial deposits. Another large alluvial deposit is in the Ural Mountains , Russia, and it is still mined.

In nickel and copper deposits, platinum-group metals occur as sulfides e. Pt,Pd S , tellurides e. PtBiTe , antimonides PdSb , and arsenides e.

PtAs 2 , and as end alloys with nickel or copper. Platinum arsenide, sperrylite PtAs 2 , is a major source of platinum associated with nickel ores in the Sudbury Basin deposit in Ontario , Canada.

The mine ceased operations in In , chromites were identified in the Bushveld region of South Africa, followed by the discovery of platinum in In the Sudbury Basin, the huge quantities of nickel ore processed make up for the fact platinum is present as only 0.

Smaller reserves can be found in the United States, [27] for example in the Absaroka Range in Montana.

Large platinum deposits are present in the state of Tamil Nadu , India. Platinum exists in higher abundances on the Moon and in meteorites.

Correspondingly, platinum is found in slightly higher abundances at sites of bolide impact on Earth that are associated with resulting post-impact volcanism, and can be mined economically; the Sudbury Basin is one such example.

Hexachloroplatinic acid mentioned above is probably the most important platinum compound, as it serves as the precursor for many other platinum compounds.

By itself, it has various applications in photography, zinc etchings, indelible ink , plating, mirrors, porcelain coloring, and as a catalyst.

Treatment of hexachloroplatinic acid with an ammonium salt, such as ammonium chloride , gives ammonium hexachloroplatinate , [16] which is relatively insoluble in ammonium solutions.

Heating this ammonium salt in the presence of hydrogen reduces it to elemental platinum. Potassium hexachloroplatinate is similarly insoluble, and hexachloroplatinic acid has been used in the determination of potassium ions by gravimetry.

When hexachloroplatinic acid is heated, it decomposes through platinum IV chloride and platinum II chloride to elemental platinum, although the reactions do not occur stepwise: [34].

All three reactions are reversible. Platinum II and platinum IV bromides are known as well. Platinum hexafluoride is a strong oxidizer capable of oxidizing oxygen.

Platinum IV oxide , PtO 2 , also known as ' Adams' catalyst ', is a black powder that is soluble in potassium hydroxide KOH solutions and concentrated acids.

Unlike palladium acetate , platinum II acetate is not commercially available. Where a base is desired, the halides have been used in conjunction with sodium acetate.

Zeise's salt , containing an ethylene ligand, was one of the first organometallic compounds discovered. Dichloro cycloocta-1,5-diene platinum II is a commercially available olefin complex, which contains easily displaceable cod ligands "cod" being an abbreviation of 1,5-cyclooctadiene.

The cod complex and the halides are convenient starting points to platinum chemistry. Cisplatin , or cis -diamminedichloroplatinum II is the first of a series of square planar platinum II -containing chemotherapy drugs.

These compounds are capable of crosslinking DNA , and kill cells by similar pathways to alkylating chemotherapeutic agents.

Archaeologists have discovered traces of platinum in the gold used in ancient Egyptian burials as early as BC.

For example, a small box from burial of Shepenupet II was found to be decorated with gold-platinum hieroglyphics. It is quite possible they did not recognize there was platinum in their gold.

The metal was used by pre-Columbian Americans near modern-day Esmeraldas, Ecuador to produce artifacts of a white gold-platinum alloy.

Archeologists usually associate the tradition of platinum-working in South America with the La Tolita Culture circa BC - AD , but precise dates and location is difficult, as most platinum artifacts from the area were bought secondhand through the antiquities trade rather than obtained by direct archeological excavation.

The resulting gold-platinum alloy would then be soft enough to shape with tools. It was often simply thrown away, and there was an official decree forbidding the adulteration of gold with platinum impurities.

Ulloa and Juan found mines with the whitish metal nuggets and took them home to Spain. Antonio de Ulloa returned to Spain and established the first mineralogy lab in Spain and was the first to systematically study platinum, which was in His historical account of the expedition included a description of platinum as being neither separable nor calcinable.

Ulloa also anticipated the discovery of platinum mines. After publishing the report in , Ulloa did not continue to investigate the new metal.

In , he was sent to superintend mercury mining operations in Huancavelica. In , Charles Wood, [53] a British metallurgist , found various samples of Colombian platinum in Jamaica, which he sent to William Brownrigg for further investigation.

In , after studying the platinum sent to him by Wood, Brownrigg presented a detailed account of the metal to the Royal Society , stating that he had seen no mention of it in any previous accounts of known minerals.

In , Henrik Scheffer published a detailed scientific description of the metal, which he referred to as "white gold", including an account of how he succeeded in fusing platinum ore with the aid of arsenic.

Scheffer described platinum as being less pliable than gold, but with similar resistance to corrosion. Carl von Sickingen researched platinum extensively in He succeeded in making malleable platinum by alloying it with gold, dissolving the alloy in hot aqua regia , precipitating the platinum with ammonium chloride , igniting the ammonium chloroplatinate, and hammering the resulting finely divided platinum to make it cohere.

Franz Karl Achard made the first platinum crucible in He worked with the platinum by fusing it with arsenic, then later volatilizing the arsenic.

Because the other platinum-family members were not discovered yet platinum was the first in the list , Scheffer and Sickingen made the false assumption that due to its hardness—which is slightly more than for pure iron —platinum would be a relatively non-pliable material, even brittle at times, when in fact its ductility and malleability are close to that of gold.

Their assumptions could not be avoided because the platinum they experimented with was highly contaminated with minute amounts of platinum-family elements such as osmium and iridium , amongst others, which embrittled the platinum alloy.

Alloying this impure platinum residue called "plyoxen" with gold was the only solution at the time to obtain a pliable compound, but nowadays, very pure platinum is available and extremely long wires can be drawn from pure platinum, very easily, due to its crystalline structure, which is similar to that of many soft metals.

Chabaneau succeeded in removing various impurities from the ore, including gold, mercury, lead, copper, and iron. This led him to believe he was working with a single metal, but in truth the ore still contained the yet-undiscovered platinum-group metals.

This led to inconsistent results in his experiments. At times, the platinum seemed malleable, but when it was alloyed with iridium, it would be much more brittle.

Sometimes the metal was entirely incombustible, but when alloyed with osmium, it would volatilize. This started what is known as the "platinum age" in Spain.

Platinum, along with the rest of the platinum-group metals , is obtained commercially as a by-product from nickel and copper mining and processing.

During electrorefining of copper , noble metals such as silver, gold and the platinum-group metals as well as selenium and tellurium settle to the bottom of the cell as "anode mud", which forms the starting point for the extraction of the platinum-group metals.

If pure platinum is found in placer deposits or other ores, it is isolated from them by various methods of subtracting impurities.

Because platinum is significantly denser than many of its impurities, the lighter impurities can be removed by simply floating them away in a liquid.

Platinum is paramagnetic , whereas nickel and iron are both ferromagnetic. These two impurities are thus removed by running an electromagnet over the mixture.

Because platinum has a higher melting point than most other substances, many impurities can be burned or melted away without melting the platinum.

Finally, platinum is resistant to hydrochloric and sulfuric acids, whereas other substances are readily attacked by them.

Metal impurities can be removed by stirring the mixture in either of the two acids and recovering the remaining platinum.

One suitable method for purification for the raw platinum, which contains platinum, gold, and the other platinum-group metals, is to process it with aqua regia , in which palladium, gold and platinum are dissolved, whereas osmium, iridium, ruthenium and rhodium stay unreacted.

The gold is precipitated by the addition of iron II chloride and after filtering off the gold, the platinum is precipitated as ammonium chloroplatinate by the addition of ammonium chloride.

Ammonium chloroplatinate can be converted to platinum by heating. The remaining The most common use of platinum is as a catalyst in chemical reactions, often as platinum black.

It has been employed as a catalyst since the early 19th century, when platinum powder was used to catalyze the ignition of hydrogen.

Its most important application is in automobiles as a catalytic converter , which allows the complete combustion of low concentrations of unburned hydrocarbons from the exhaust into carbon dioxide and water vapor.

Platinum is also used in the petroleum industry as a catalyst in a number of separate processes, but especially in catalytic reforming of straight-run naphthas into higher-octane gasoline that becomes rich in aromatic compounds.

PtO 2 , also known as Adams' catalyst , is used as a hydrogenation catalyst, specifically for vegetable oils. From to , the meter was defined as the length of a platinum-iridium alloy bar, known as the international prototype of the meter.

The previous bar was made of platinum in Until May , the kilogram was defined as the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram , a cylinder of the same platinum-iridium alloy made in The resistance wire in the thermometer is made of pure platinum e.

The NIST manufactured the wires from platinum bar stock with a chemical purity of

KnaveHenrik Scheffer published a detailed scientific description of the metal, which he referred to as "white gold", including an account of how he succeeded in fusing platinum ore with the aid of arsenic. It has been employed as a catalyst since the early 19th century, when platinum powder was used to catalyze the ignition of hydrogen. We will restore our Website after suspension as soon as we reasonably can.
Platinum Deutsch Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für platinum im Online-Wörterbuch quevivienda.com (​Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für platinum im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'platinum' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Übersetzung im Kontext von „platinum“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context​: platinum group, platinum plus, platinum catalyst, gold and platinum, platinum.

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